Allen, Horace Newton, pioneer Presbyterian missionary in Korea,

Born New England, 23 April 1858, died 11 December 1932 Toledo, Ohio.

In 1883 Allen was appointed as a medical missionary to China by the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. In 1884 he and his wife Frances relocated to Korea. His medical work brought connections with the royal family and in 1887 he accompanied the first Korean legation to Washington.

He encouraged American business interests in Korea and in 1890 became secretary to the American legation in Seoul. By 1897 he was U.S. minister and consul general.

He strove to preserve Korean sovereignty, but failed to convince President Roosevelt that Korea did not belong to Japan. He was recalled in 1905 and practiced medicine in Toledo. His writings, including Korean Tales (1889), introduced Korean literature to the English-speaking world.

John Roxborogh


Wi Jo Kang, "Allen, Horace Newton" in Gerald Anderson, Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions, p.12

Wi Jo Kang, "The legacy of Horace Newton Allen,"  International Bulletin of Missionary Research, 20(3) 125-128.

New York Public Library Archives, see  This was compiled by Richard Salvato in April 1974 and revised by Julie Miller, August 1987; 2000.

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