Buchanan, Claudius, East India Company chaplain, missionary strategist and publicist, born in Cambuslang, Scotland 12 March 1766, died Broxbourne, Hertfordshire, 9 February 1815.

After study at Glasgow University Buchanan moved to London. Following a spiritual crisis in 1790 John Newton encouraged him to go to Queen’s College, Cambridge. Ordained Anglican priest in 1796, at Charles Simeon’s suggestion he was appointed an East India Company Chaplain and served at Barrackpore (1797-1799) and Calcutta (1799-1808). To publicise the India mission cause he donated some £2,600 for prize essays in 1803 and 1805.  His Memoir of the Expediency of an Ecclesiastical Establishment for British India (1805), Star in the East (1809), and Christian Researches in Asia (1810), were major contributions to the successful campaign for the inclusion of missionary clauses in the East India Charter of 1813 and the appointment of the first bishop for India in 1814.

Davidson, Allan K., and Claudius Buchanan. Evangelicals and Attitudes to India 1786-1813 : Missionary Publicity and Claudius Buchanan; with the Text of Buchanan's Memoir of the Expediency of an Ecclesiastical Establishment for British India ; Both as the Means of Perpetuating the Christian Religion among Our Own Countrymen ; as a Foundation for the Ultimate Civilization of the Natives (1805), Evangelicals & Society from 1750 ; No. 4. Oxfordshire: Sutton Courtenay Press, 1990.

John Roxborogh