Chalmers, Thomas, Evangelical Scottish church leader, born Anstruther, Fife, 17 March 1780, died Edinburgh 30 May 1847.

Chalmers was educated at St Andrews and ordained at Kilmany, Fife in 1803. Following a conversion experience he became a keen supporter of bible societies. In Glasgow from 1815 he became the most celebrated preacher in Britain and his poor-relief experiment at St Johnís from 1819 attracted interest and controversy. In 1823 he returned to St Andrews to lecture in moral philosophy and helped inspire the first generation of Church of Scotland missionaries to India. In 1828 he became professor of Divinity at Edinburgh. He was moderator of the Church of Scotland and raised funds for over 200 new churches. When the Church was split by the Disruption of 1843 Chalmers became first moderator of the Free Church of Scotland. Of broad interests and sympathies, his writings sold widely.

 See also The legacy of Thomas Chalmers and Thomas Chalmers

John Roxborogh