Theodore Hamberg (1819-1854)

Pioneer Swedish missionary to China and founder of the Basel Mission's mission to the Hakka people. Hamberg was born in Sweden 25 March 1819 and died in Hong Kong 13 May 1854.


Bays, Daniel H. (1996) Christianity in China : from the eighteenth century to the present. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.

Hallencreutz, Carl Fredrik (1978). "A Swedish source on Taiping religiosity. The church in a changing society : conflict - reconciliation or adjustment?" Proceedings of the CIHEC-conference in Uppsala, August 17-21, 1977.  pp 187-190

Hannich, Gustav (1941) Treue bis ans Ende. Erlebnisse des schwedischen Missionars Theodor Hamberg in China, Basel.

Hamberg, Theodor (1851).  Report regarding the Chinese Union at Hongkong, Hongkong (Copy available in School of Oriental and African Studies Library, London)

Hamberg, Theodore (1855) The Chinese Rebel Chief Hung-Siu-Tsuen and the Origin of the Insurrection in China, London.

Hood, George A. (1986) Mission accomplished? The English Presbyterian Mission in Lingtung, South China: a study of the interplay between mission methods and their historical context. New York, Peter Lang.

Gützlaff, Carl Friedrich August (1847).  Gützlaff's Geschichte des chinesischen Reiches von den ältesten Zeiten bis auf den Frieden von Nanking. Herausg. von Karl Friedrich Neumann, Stuttgart & Tübingen

Gützlaff, Carl Friedrich August (1851).  My dear Hamberg, the pamphlet you have published obliges me, though reluctantly, to say a few words in reply. Victoria. (Copy available in School of Oriental and African Studies Library, London)

Lutz, Jessie Gregory, and Rolland Ray Lutz. (1998) Hakka Chinese confront Protestant Christianity, 1850-1900 : with the autobiographies of eight Hakka Christians, and commentary, Studies on modern China. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe.

Lutz, Jessie Gregory  (2008) Opening China : Karl F. A. Gützlaff and Sino-Western relations, 1827-1852, Studies in the history of Christian missions. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.

Reilly, Thomas H. 2004. The Taiping heavenly kingdom : rebellion and the blasphemy of empire. Seattle: University of Washington Press 

Schlyter, Herman (1976).  Der China-Missionar Karl Gützlaff und seine Heimatbasis: Studien über das Interesse des Abendlandes an der Mission des China-Pioniers Karl Gützlaff und über seinen Einsatz als Missionserwecker. Lund: Liber[Läromedel]/Gleerup

Schlyter, Herman (1946).  Karl Gützlaff als Missionar in China . Lund: Gleerup

Schlyter, Herman (1952) Theodor Hamberg, den förste svenske Kinamissionaren, Lund: Gleerup. (ET by Göran Wiking, forthcoming)

Skrifter utgivna av Svenska sällskapet för missionsforskning (1946-1952). Lund.

Jonathan Spence (1996) God's Chinese Son: The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom of Hong Xiuquan 


Web pages

Mission 21 / Basel Mission Archives Image Archive (has two photos of Hamberg)

Pang Yen Lin's grandmother and Hamberg's Hakka dictionary.

Ricci Roundtable

Swedish Biographical Lexicon (1906)

Tsung Tsin Primary School History



China Inland Mission Archive, School of Oriental and African Studies Library, London.

Church Missionary Society Archive, University of Birmingham Information Services, Orchard Learning Resources Centre, Selly Oak, Birmingham.

Gützlaff Collection, University of Birmingham Information Services, Orchard Learning Resources Centre, Selly Oak Birmingham.

Karl Gützlaff and the Chinese Union, Centre for the Study of Christianity in the Non-Western World, University of Edinburgh (A J Broomhall papers). Includes "valedictory remarks to Theodore Hamberg".

London Missionary Society (Council for World Mission) Archives, School of Oriental and African Studies Library, London. Includes papers of Legge and other LMS missionaries who were in Hong Kong at the time of Hamberg and Gützlaff.